TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF SUGAR CANE FARMING IN MALANG REGENCY, INDONESIA
Keywords:Farming, Production Factors, Stochastic Frontier, Sugar Cane, Technical Efficiency
AbstractThis research aimed to analyze the factors that affect the production of sugar cane, to analyze the level of technical efficiency of farming sugar cane, and to analyze the factors that affect the technical inefficiency of sugar cane farming in Malang Regency. Methods of data analysis that is used to find out the factors that affect the production of sugar cane and the level of technical efficiency of sugar cane farming is a stochastic frontier analysis usedÂ the Frontier 4.1 software. As for knowing the factorsÂ that affect technical inefficiency of sugar cane farming used tobit regression analysis. The results show that production factors of sugar cane farming in Malang Regency i.e. amount of seeds, amount of labor, amount of fertilizer, amount of land area, and ratooncane. The average technical efficiency of sugar cane farming achieved i.e 0,81. Factors that influence the technical inefficiency of sugar cane farming i.e. age factors of farmers and formal education have a positive influence on the inefficiency effect of sugar cane farming and factors of farm experience and farmer group participation have a negative effect on the inefficiency effect of sugar cane farming.
Asmara, R., N. Hanani dan N. Irawati. 2011. Analisis Efisiensi Teknis dengan Pendekatan Frontier pada Usaha Pembuatan Chips Mocaf (Modified Cassava Flour). Habitat, 12 (1):51â€“59.
Asmara, R. 2017. Efisiensi Produksi : Pendekatan Stokastik Frontier dan Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). Jurusan Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya. Malang.
Babalola, D. A., O. I. Y. Ajani, B. T. Omonona, O. A. Oni, Y. A. Awoyinka. 2009. Technical Efficiency Differential In Industrial Sugarcane Production: The Case Of Jigawa State, Nigeria. Babcock University, Ilishan Remo, Ogun State.
Coelli, T.J., D.S. Prasada. Rao, and G.E. Battese. 1998. An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis. Kluwer Academic Publishers. .London.
Debertin, D.L. 1986. Agricultural Production Economics. Macmillan Publishing Company. New York.
Dlamini, S., J. I. Rugambisa, M. B. Masuku, dan A. Belete. 2010. Technical Efficiency of the Small Scale Sugarcane Farmers in Swaziland: A Case Study of Vuvulane and Big Bend Farmers. University of Limpopo. South Africa.
Farrel, M. J. 1957. The Measurement of Productive Efficiency. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society.Series A, CXX, Part 3.
Hanani, N. 2009. Ketahanan Pangan. Universitas Brawijaya. Malang.
Mubyarto. 1989. Pengantar Ekonomi Pertanian. PT Pustaka LP3ES Indonesia. Jakarta.
Mubyarto dan Daryanti. 1991. Gula: Kajian Sosial Ekonomi, Aditya Media. Yogyakarta.
Msuya dan Gasper. (2005). Estimation of Technical Efficiency in Tanzanian Sugarcane Production: A Case Study of Mtibwa Sugar Estate Outgrowers Scheme. Sokoine University of Agriculture. Afrika.
Nicholson, W. 1995. Teori Mikro Ekonomi, Prinsip Dasar dan Peluasan. Edisi Kelima. Terjemahan: Daniel Wirajaya. Bina Rupa Aksara. Jakarta.
Parel, C. P., G. C. Caldito, P. L. Ferre, G. G. de Guzman, C. S. Sinsioco, dan R. H. Tan. 1973. Sampling Design and Procedures. PSSC. Phillipine.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).