ASSESSING THE PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN THE PRODUCTION OF LARGE CARDAMOM IN THE ILAM DISTRICT OF NEPAL

Authors

  • Mahima Gotame Mahendra Ratna Multiple Campus, Department of Horticulture, Tribhuwan University
  • B K Santosh Agriculture Knowledge Center, Sankhuwasabha

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.agrise.2023.023.3.10

Keywords:

Agriculture, Cardamom, Participation, Women

Abstract

Participation of women in the agricultural sector has been increasing recently, though the situation is still challenging. Although women are key players in the agricultural production of developing nations, situational analysis of rural women should be more emphasized. The study aimed to analyze women's roles, the challenges they confront, and the factors that influence women's engagement in cardamom production and their access to productive assets. 102 cardamom growers from Ilam district were chosen purposively and interviewed using questionnaires from November to December 2021. The result showed that more than half percent of women had a significant role in the labor force in cardamom production, whereas 42.2% acted as helpers and 5.9% were entrepreneurs. Women's engagement in cardamom production is limited most prior to primary processing and intercultural operations. They are actively involved in various tasks in the value chain of large cardamom, but their sole role is least prioritized. Although 46.1% participated in various organizations, they had limited access to productive assets, technology, and innovation. Women's Decision in farm and non-farm activities has increased. Only 15% of women were actively involved in farm decisions, and 29% had taken decisions similar to men and women. Involvement of women in marketing was actively found in 19% of growers, while 14% practiced together. Women's participation played a crucial role in the care and maintenance of orchards and the quality of cardamom. Both men and women play a significant role in specific tasks; however, they are working together. Work burden, age, nature of farming, and farming experiences significantly impacted women's participation in large cardamom production. Agricultural awareness, technical skills, and a women-friendly agricultural production system would be supportive of enhancing the participation of women in the production of large cardamom.

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Published

2023-07-31

How to Cite

Gotame, M., & Santosh, B. K. (2023). ASSESSING THE PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN THE PRODUCTION OF LARGE CARDAMOM IN THE ILAM DISTRICT OF NEPAL. Agricultural Socio-Economics Journal, 23(3), 373–383. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.agrise.2023.023.3.10

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