EMPOWERMENT OF RURAL WOMEN FARMERS AND FOOD PRODUCTION IN IMBULPE DS DIVISION IN SRI LANKA: A HOUSEHOLD LEVEL ANALYSIS

Dilini Rathnachandra, P Malkanthi
  AGRISE,Vol 22, No 1 (2022),  37-46  
Viewed : 140 times

Abstract


Women empowerment and gender equity are two significant aspects of the sustainable development of a country. As Sri Lanka is on the way towards sustainable development, this study was conducted to identify the current situation of women farmers’ empowerment and food production in Imbulpe (Divisional Secretariat) DS division of the country. A sample of 300 women farmers was randomly selected for the study, from seven selected Grama Niladhari divisions (GN) of Imbulpe DS division. A field survey was carried out to data collection through a pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire from April to July 2019. Descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and regression analysis were used as the data analysis methods. Results convey that most of the women farmers were middle aged, married and had two children within their family. Furthermore, most of the respondents had secondary level of education and their average family size was four, 1.25 acres was the average farm land size. They had about 16 years of experience in the field of agriculture sector. The average monthly income of the respondents was 25,000.00 LKR (Sri Lankan Rupees). Women empowerment was measured by using the models of Rahman and Naoroze (2007); Praveen and Leonhauser (2004) with necessary modifications according to the study area. Most of the women farmers were showed social empowerment aspect and political empowerment aspect reported as the least empowerment aspect according to the unit empowerment measures. Out of the socio-economic factors size of the farm land, number of agricultural training programs participated, monthly income of the family, respondents level of education and number of agricultural training programs attended were indicated significant and positive effect for the empowerment of women farmers. Accessibility of credit facilities and agricultural extension program participation showed that there was a considerable impact on food production rather than the cultivable land size and utilization of modern farming technologies for food production. Therefore, providing of timely important agricultural education and training programs, enhance awareness level of modern farming technology utilization, better micro finance programs and agricultural credit facilities will be able to upgrade the level of empowerment of women farmers in Imbulpe DS division furthermore.


Keywords


Women empowerment; sustainable development; gender equity; farming activities; Sri Lanka

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbeam G. D., Ehiakpor D. S., & Aidoo R. (2018): Agricultural extension and its effects on farm productivity and income: insight from Northern Ghana. Agriculture & Food Security, 7(74). doi:https://doi.org/10.1186/s40066-018-0225-x

Aina O. I. (2012): Two halves make a whole: Gender at the Crossroads of the Nigerian Development Agenda. An Inaugural Lecture Delivered at the Oduduwa Hall, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Obafemi Awolowo University Press Limited.

Annual Labor Force Report. (2017): [Accessed on 04/07/2020]. Available at: http:// www.statistics.gov.lk/samplesurvey/LFS_Annual%20 Report_2016.pdf

Bellemare M. F. (2015): Contract Farming: What’s In It for Smallholder Farmers in Developing Countries? Agricultural & Applied Economics Association, 30(3). Retrieved from http://www.choicesmagazine.org

Central Bank Reports. (2018): Economic social science statistics. [Accessed on 04/07/2020]. Available at:https://www.cbsl.gov.lk/en/publications/economic-and-financial-reports/annual-reports/annual-report-2018.

Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (2013): Forests, food security and gender: linkages, disparities and priorities for action. Background paper for the International Conference on Forests for Food Security and Nutrition Forests for Food Security and Nutrition. World Bank. Available at: http://www.fao.org/publications/sofa/2013/en/

Food & Agriculture Organization reports,.(2015): [Accessed on 04/07/2020]. Available at: http://www.fao.org/publications/sofa/2015/en/.

Household income and expenditure survey reports,. (2016): [Accessed on 04/07/2020]. Available at: http://www.statistics.gov.lk/ agriculture/

Ibharhokanrhowa o. m. (2016): Empowerment of Rural Women Farmers and Food Production in Esan West Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria. A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the requirements forthe Degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.d) in Sociology to the Department of Sociology, College of Business and Social Sciences Covenant University . Available at: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/8494/1/ozoya%20mercy%20i%20phd%20thesis.pdf

Lwoga E.T., Ngulube P. and Stilwell, C., (2011): Access and use of agricultural information and knowledge in Tanzania. Library Review 60(5): 385-395. http://www.emeraldinsight.com/

Martin O. (2013): The African Union’s mechanisms to foster gender mainstreaming and ensure women’s political participation and representation. Sweden: International IDEA.

Maxwell S. Smith M. (1996). Food security: A post-modern perspective. Food Policy 21(2), 155-170.

Millenium Development Goals reports,. (2015): [Accessed on 04/07/2020]. Available at:https://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/2015_MDG_Report/pdf/MDG%202015%20rev%20(July%201).pdf

Mojaki R. A., & Keregero K. (2019): Turning challenges into opportunity: Potential for adoption of e-extension in Lesotho. Journal of Agricultural Extension & Rural Development, 11(11), 184-191. doi:https://doi.org/10.5897/JAERD2019.1040

Negin J., Remans R., Karuti S., & Fanzo J. C. (2009): Integrating a broader notion of food security and gender empowerment into the African Green Revolution. Food Security, 1, 351-360. doi:10.1007/s12571-009-0025-z

Parveen, S., & Leonhäuser, I.-U. (2004). Empowerment of Rural Women in Bangladesh: A Household Level Analysis. Conference on Rural Poverty Reduction through Research for Development and Transformation- Deutscher Tropentag- Berlin, 5-7 October 2004.

Quisumbing A. R., Dick R. M., Raney T. L., Croppenstedt A., Behrman J. A., & Peterman A. (2014): Gender in Agriculture: Closing the Knowledge Gap. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations & Springer Science. doi: 10.1007/978-94-017-8616-4

Rahman H., & Naoroze K. (2007): Women empowerment through participation in Aquaculture: Experience of e large scale technology Demostrain project in Bangladesh. . Journal of social science.

Rathnachandra, S., & Malkanthi, S. (2020). Management activity of women farmers in Imbulpe DS division in Sri Lanka: A Household Level Analysis. Икономика и управление на селското стопанство, 65(2), 70-75.

Rehmana A., Jingdong L., Shahzad B., Chandio A. A., Hussain I., Nabi G., & Iqbal M. S. (2015): Economic perspectives of major field crops of Pakistan: An empirical study. Pacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(3), 145-158. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psrb.2016.09.002.

Sraboni E., Malapit H. J., Quisumbing A. R., & Ahmed, A. U. (2014): Women’s empowerment in agriculture: What role for food security in Bangladesh? World Development, 61, 11-52.

Wang H.H., Y. Wang and M.S. Delgado. (2014): “The Transition to Modern Agriculture: Contract Farming in Developing Economies,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 96(5): 1257-1271.

World Bank. (2019, September 23): Agriculture Finance & Agriculture Insurance. [Accessed on 04/07/2020]. Retrieved from https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/financialsector/brief/agriculture-finance.

Yadav P., & Sharma A. K. (2015): Agriculture Credit in Developing Economies: A Review of Relevant Literature. International Journal of Economics and Finance, 7(12), 219-244. doi:10.5539/ijef.v7n12p219.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.agrise.2022.022.1.6

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Dilini Rathnachandra and P Malkanthi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.