THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE BEEF CATTLE FARMING SECTOR TO HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN THE TEAK FOREST AREA (CASE STUDY IN THE KEDUNGADEM SUB-DISTRICT, BOJONEGORO REGENCY)
Keywords:economic analysis, livestock-forest integration, rural community
Limited employment opportunities in rural areas make it more challenging for people to live a prosperous life. The social and economic conditions of rural communities tend to depend on the agrarian sector, such as the livestock sector. The livestock sector as an agricultural sub-sector is a very strategic and reliable way to create economic growth, reduce unemployment and create additional sources of income for the community. Most of the population of the Kedungadem sub-district in the Bojonegoro Regency work in the agricultural sector, for example in livestock farming. This study reveals the total income of cattle farmers’ households and the contribution of income derived from beef cattle farming activities to the total household income of farmers who live in the teak forest area. One hundred beef cattle farmers were randomly selected and grouped into one of three beef cattle farming scales, based on the number of cattle owned. This study shows that the average total income in scales I, II, and III was IDR. 19,211,392.15/year, IDR. 34,583,874.51/year, and IDR. 42,945,805.17/year, respectively. The average cattle farmer’s income from beef cattle farming in scales I, II, and III was IDR. 4,002,674.71/year; IDR. 9,482,032.71/year; and IDR. 19,716,588.39/year, respectively. The average contribution of beef cattle farming activity to the total income of farmers’ households in scales I, II, and III was 20.94%, 27.42%, and 47.00%, respectively. This study suggests that the farmers need to improve their economic management in order to survive or increase the income they derive from cattle farming. Farmers should also cooperate with Perhutani, a state forest company, as there are a number of ways in which the teak forest can support the sustainability of their cattle farming.
Central Bureau of Statistic. (2017). Kedungadem in figures. BPS - Statistics Bojonegoro Regency. Bojonegoro.
Gapri, A. M. & Marhawati. (2016). Kontribusi usahatani padi sawah terhadap pendapatan usahatani keluarga di Desa Ogoamas Kecamatan Sojol Utara Kabupaten Donggala. Jurnal Agrotekbis 4(1): 106 – 112.
Ginting, E. (2006). Strategi pengawasan peternakan di Kabupaten Blitar. Jurnal Penyuluhan 2 (1): 1 – 6.
Hoddi, A. H., M. B. Rombe, & Fahrul. (2011). Analisis pendapatan sapi potong di Kecamatan Ternate Rilau kabupaten Barru. Jurnal Agribisnis 10(3): 98 – 109.
Isyanto, A. Y. (2015). Faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap curahan waktu kerja pada usaha penggemukan sapi potong di Kabupaten Ciamis. Mimbar Agribisnis 1(1): 1 – 6.
Jones, R. (2000). Costs, distribution of costs, and factors influencing profitability in cow-calf production. Research Institute on Livestock Pricing, Agricultural and Applied Economics, Research Bulletin 3
Kurniadi, R., Purnomo, H., Wijayanto, N., & Fuah, A. M. (2017). Livestock management models around Mt. Mutis forest and its impact on forest sustainability. Journal of Forest Science 11: 156 – 157.
Livestock Service of East Java. (2018). Data statistik populasi ternak kabupaten Bojonegoro di Jawa Timur. Livestock Service of East Java. Surabaya. http://www.disnak.jatimprov.go.id/web/layananpublik/datastattik/statistikpopulasiternak (accessed on May 24, 2018)
Mandaka, S., & Hutagaol, M. P. (2005). Analisis fungsi keuntungan, efisiensi ekonomi dan kemungkinan skema kredit bagi pengembangan skala usaha peternakan sapi perah rakyat di kelurahan Kebon Pedes, kota Bogor. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi 23 (2): 191 – 208.
Metasari, I., Warsito, S. H. & Hamid, I. S. (2013). Analisis usaha pada peternakan rakyat ayam petelur di kecamatan Srengat, kabupaten Blitar. Agroveteriner 2(1): 1 – 10.
Nugroho, E. (2010) Analisa usaha peternakan sapi rambon pada skala usaha peternakan rakyat di Kecamatan Glagah, Kabupaten Banyuwangi. JIIPB. 20(1): 77 – 85.
Nugroho, E., S. Azizah, T. Susilawati & I. Novianti. (2013). Socio-economic potential of Indonesian native cattle in supporting meat self-sufficiency in indonesia. Livestock Research for Rural Development 25(11): http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd25/11/nugr25202.html (accessed on May 24, 2018)
Regional Development and Planning of Bojonegoro Regency. (2012). Bojonegoro regency profile. Regional Development and Planning of Bojonegoro regency. Bojonegoro.http://kanalbojonegoro.com/wpcotent/uploads/2014/01/buku-profilbojonegoro.pdf (accessed on May 25, 2018)
Sudjana, N. (1992). Penilaian hasil proses belajar mengajar. Remaja Rosdakarya. Bandung.
Supriyati (2005). Analisis nilai tukar pendapatan rumahtangga petani (kasus di Jawa Tengah, Jawa Timur dan Sulawesi Selatan). Pusat Analisis Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian, Departemen Pertanian Indonesia. ICASEPS Working Paper (71): 1 – 17.
Suresti, A. & R. Wati (2012). Strategi pengembangan usaha peternakan sapi potong di Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan. Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia 14(1): 249 – 262.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 T. Y. Azmi, A. E. Kusumastuti, B. A. Nugroho, E. Nugroho
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).