• Md Asduzzaman Kiron Rajshahi University
  • Md Khairul Islam Rajshahi University



Agriculture, Bangladesh, Boro rice, Profitability, Socio-economic conditions


Agriculture is one of the major sectors in Bangladesh’s economy because of its contribution to gross domestic product and employment. This study investigates farm profitability in Boro rice cultivation in the Naogaon district of Bangladesh. Using simple random sampling, 45 farmers were selected randomly from 4 villages in Naogaon District.  Participants went through structured interviews, and the responses were recorded. Descriptive statistics, cost-benefit analysis, and Cobb-Douglas production function were used to analyze this study. Ordinary least square was used as the regression technique. Empirical results obtained from production function analysis considering hired labor, pesticides, planting, harvest & transport, and machinery costs positively affect Boro rice production while seed, fertilizer, plowing, and irrigation cost negatively affect Boro rice production. Boro rice cultivation was found profitable in the study area. The average per bigha net return of Boro farming was Tk. 1694.11. The study also discovered some challenges in Boro rice cultivation in that particular area. In the end, the study suggests some policies to enhance profitability in Boro rice cultivation in the Naogaon district and overcome the challenges. This study would be useful for the agricultural economics researchers and the policymakers of Bangladesh and countries with similar economies.


Akter, T., Parvin, M. T., Mila, F. A., & Nahar, A. (2019). Factors Determining the Profitability of Rice Farming in Bangladesh. Journal of Bangladesh Agricultural University, 86-91.

Alam, M. S. and Islam, M. A. (2013). Long-Term Assessment of Rice Production Scenario in Bangladesh: A Macro Dynamics. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 38(2): 257–269.

Anik, A., & Talukder, R. (2002). Economic and Financial Profitability of Aromatic and Fine Rice Production in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Economics, 103-113.

Bäckman, S., Islam, K. Z., & Sumelius, J. (2011). Determinants of Technical Efficiency of Rice Farms in North-Central and North-Western Regions in Bangladesh. The Journal of Developing Areas, 73-94.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics), 2012. Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics-2012. Statistics and Informatics Division (SID), Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics), 2015. Statistical Pocketbook Bangladesh 2015. Statistics and Informatics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics), 2019. Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics-2019. Statistics and Informatics Division (SID), Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

Islam, M. Z., Begum, R., Sharmin, S., & Khan, A. (2017). Profitability and Productivity of Rice Production in Selected Coastal Area of Satkhira District in Bangladesh. International Journal of Business, Management and Social Research, 148-153.

Kothari, C. R, & Garg, G. (2014). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques (3rd ed.). New Delhi: New Age International Publishers.

Maps of Bangladesh. Maps & Travel information of Bangladesh.

Mottaleb, K. A., & Mohanty, S. (2015). Farm Size and Profitability of Rice Farming under Rising Input Costs. Journal of Land Use Science, 243-255.

Nasrin, J. (2013). Financial Profitability of Aromatic Rice Production and Its Impacts on Farmers’ Livelihood in Selected Areas of Tangail District. MS Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

Rahman, S. (2003). Profit Efficiency among Bangladesh Rice Farmers. 25th Conference of the International Association of Agricultural Economists, (pp. 1-21). Durban, South Africa.

Shelley, I. J., Takahashi-Nosaka, M., Kano-Nakata, M., Haque, M. S., & Inukai, Y. (2016). Rice Cultivation in Bangladesh: Present, Scenario, Problems, and Prospects. Journal of International Cooperation for Agricultural Development, 20-29.

Siddiquee, A., Sammy, H., & Hasan, M. (2018). Profitability of Rice Production in Bogura and Gaibandha Districts. Bangladesh Agricultural Economist Association, 16th National Conference, (pp. 1-12).

Wahed, M. A. and Anjan, K. R. (2008). Food Consumption Data in Bangladesh, ICDDRB, Dhaka.

World Bank Data (2021).

Xames, D., Tasnim, F., Mim, T. I., & Kiron, A. (2022). COVID-19 and food supply chain disruptions in Bangladesh: impacts and strategies. International journal of research in industrial engineering, 11(2), 155-164.

Yeasmin, F., Begum, I. A., Ethen, D. J., & Happy, A. F. (2019). Measurement of Farm Productivity of Rice: A Case of Bangladesh. South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, 1-9.

Zaved, J.M. (2018). A Study on Comparative Profitability Analysis of Aman and Boro Rice Production in Some Selected Areas of Jhalakathi District. MS Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Sher-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.




How to Cite

Kiron, M. A., & Islam, M. K. (2023). PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS OF BORO RICE FARMING: THE CASE OF NAOGAON DISTRICT OF BANGLADESH. Agricultural Socio-Economics Journal, 23(3), 327–343.