ANALYSIS OF COMPETITIVENESS AND EXPORT TRENDS OF INDONESIAN COCOA TO THE FIVE DESTINATION COUNTRIES FOR 2010-2019
Keywords:Competitiveness, Export, EPD, RCA, Trend
AbstractThis study aims to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian cocoa exports to five destination countries, namely China, Germany, Malaysia, Singapore, and USA and to analyze the trend of Indonesian cocoa exports for the forecasting of the next 5 years. The data source used is secondary data in the form of export value and volume from 2010-2019 which is sourced from uncomtrade. Data analysis methods used are RCA, EPD, and linear trend analysis. The results showed that the comparative analysis of the RCA method for the commodities of Indonesian cocoa beans, cocoa butter, cocoa paste, cocoa powder in 2010-2019 has an RCA > 1 which means that it is competitive and has a comparative advantage in destination countries. Based on a competitive analysis using the EPD method, the commodity of Indonesian cocoa beans, cocoa butter, cocoa paste, and cocoa powder in 2010-2019 have EPD retreat and falling star values. Based on linear trend analysis, the export value of Indonesian cocoa beans in 2020-2024 is predicted to continue to decline, cocoa butter and cocoa powder in 2020-2024 is predicted to continue to increase, and cocoa paste in 2020-2024 is predicted to increase and later decrease.
Amalina. A.A.F., Novianti, T dan Asmara, A. 2018. Analisis kinerja perdagangan ke negara potensian benua afrika. J. Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan, 7(1), 43-59.
Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). 2018. Statistik Kakao Indonesia 2017. https://www.bps.go.id. Diakses pada 25 Desember 2018.
Ghozy, M.R.A., Soelistyo, A., dan Kusuma, H. 2017. Analisis ekspor kakao Indonesia di pasar internasional. J.Ekonomi, 1(4), 453-473.
Hasibuan, A.M., Nurmalina, R., dan Wahyudi, A. 2012. Analisis kinerja dan daya saing perdagangan biji kakao dan produk kakao olahan indonesia di pasar internasional. J. RISTRI, 3(1), 57-70.
Kiranta, F. dan Meydianawathi, L. G. 2014. Analisis tingkat daya saing ekspor biji kakao indonesia tahun 2007-2012. J. Ekonomi Pembangunan UNUD, 3(11), 502-512.
Suryana, A.T., Fariyanti, A., dan Rifin, A. 2014. Analisis perdagangan kakao indonesia di pasar internasional. J. Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar, 1(1), 29-40.
Towaha, J. 2012. Diversifikasi Produk Kakao sebagai Bahan Baku Biofarmaka. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar. Hal. 141-154.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).