Osagie John Afodu, Afolami Carolyn Afolake, Balogun Olubunmi Lawrence
  AGRISE,Vol 20, No 3 (2020),  233-244  
Viewed : 28 times


This study assesses the effect of livelihood diversification and technology adoption on food security status among rice farming households in the Ogun State Nigeria. Farming households in Africa have increasingly sought means of escaping from the detrimental consequences of poverty by inclining to diversification of their activities; within and outside the farm sector. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 158 rice farmers. A well-structured questionnaire was used to collect data for the study. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Simpson Index, adoption index and logit regression model. Factors affecting food security of the rice farmers were Simpson Index of Diversification (γ1= 0.320, p= 5%), Technologies Adoption Index (γ2=1.019, p=5%), household size (γ5= -0.060, p= 10%), educational status of the farmers (γ6= 0.035 , p= 5%), farm size (γ7= 0.133, p= 5%) and access to credit (γ9= 0.405, p= 10%). It was recommended that rice farmers should be educated on modern technologies in rice production. Credit facilities should be made available for the rice farming household either by the government or private organizations to enhance farming activities, alleviate poverty and increase household food security.


Diversification; Farming Households; Food Security Status; Livelihood; Rice; Technology Adoption

Full Text:



Adebayo, O. O. (2012). Effects of Family Size on Household Food Security in Osun State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development. 2(2), 136-14.

Adenegan, K.O. and Adewusi, O.A. (2007). Determinants of Food Security Status of Rural Households Living With HIV/AIDS in Southwestern Nigeria. African Journal of Biomedical Research. 10: 9 – 18.

Agu, P. (2013). Rural Non-farm Livelihood Diversification and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria. School of Management, University of Plymouth, U.K.

Akande, S. O., (2002). An overview of the Nigerian Rice economy. Available at: http://www.unep.ch/etu/etp/events/agriculture/nigeria.pdf

Amaza, P.S., Adejobi, A.O. and Fregene, T., (2008). Measurement and Determinants of Food Insecurity in Northeast Nigeria : Some Empirical Policy Guidelines. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. 6(2). 92–96.

Arene, C.J. and Anyaeji, M.R. (2010). Determinants of Food Security among Households in Nsukka Metropolis of Enugu State, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences (PJSS), 30(1): 9–16.

Asmah, E. (2011). “Rural Livelihood Diversification and Agricultural Household Welfare in Ghana.” Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 3(7):325-334.

Ayalew A.M. (2011). Factors Affecting Adoption of Improved Haricot Bean Varieties and Associated Agronomic Practices in Dale Woreda, SNNPRS. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis submitted to the Department of Plant and Horticultural Sciences, College of Agriculture, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia. Accesses online Jan. 10, 2016 https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/10291/FinalThesis_AlemituMulugeta.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Babatunde R. O. and Qaim, M. (2010). Impact of Off-Farm Income on Food Security and Nutrition in Nigeria. Food Policy 35: 303-311.

Babatunde, R.O., Omotesho, O.A. and Sholotan, O.S. (2007), “Socio-Economics Characteristics and Food Security Status of Farming Households in Kwara State, North Central Nigeria”. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 6(1): 49-58.

Barla, M. (2013). The Impact of New Agricultural Technology on Tribal Farming: A Study of Ranchi District of Jharkhand State. Journal of Economic & Social Development. 9: 121-131.

Barrett, C.B. and Reardon, T. (2000). Asset, Activity, and Income Diversifications among African Agriculturalist: Some Practical Issues. Project report to USAID BASIS CRSP, March 2000.

Bola AA, Aliou D, Omonona BT (2012). Impact of improved agricultural technology adoption on sustainable Rice productivity and Rural Farmers‟ welfare in Nigeria: A local Average Treatment Effect ( ATE) Technique.

Boto, I. (2014). Realizing the Promise of Agriculture for Africa’s Transformation. Brussels.

Dimova, R. and Sen, K. (2010): Is Household Income Diversification a Means of Survival or a Means of Accumulation? Panel data evidence from Tanzania. Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper 122: 1-34. Manchester.

Ellis, F. (2000). Rural Livelihood and Diversity in Developing Countries. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Enterprise Development Sub-Programme. Available at: ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/008/j2816e/j2816e00.pdf (Accessed 11 April 2014).

exploration of concepts and issues. FAO, LSPWP 4, Livelihoods diversification and

FAO (2017). FAO Cereal Supply and Demand Brief. http://www.fao.org/worldfoodsituation /csdb/en/

FAO, WFP and IFAD (2015). The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Food Security and Nutrition. Rome: FAO.

Goni, M., (2011). Household Food Security Situation, Determinants and Coping Strategies in Borno State, Nigeria. A PhD Thesis Submitted to Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto.

Haggblade, S., and Hazell, P. (2010). Successes in African agriculture: Lessons for the future. John Hopkins University Press.

Harper JK, Rister ME, Mejelde JW, Drees BM, and Way MO (1998). Factors Influencing the Adoption of Insect Management Technology. Am. J. Agric. Econ. 72(4):997-1005.

Hassan, K. (2015). Resources Management and Risk Efficiency of Crop Rotation. Canadian Center of Science and Education. Sustainable Agriculture Research. 4 (4); 2015

Hazell, P. (2011). Five Big Questions About Five Hundred Million Small Farmers. Paper Presented at the IFAD Conference on New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture. Rome: IFAD.

Idowu, A.O., Aihonsu, J.O.Y, Olubanjo, O.O. and Shitu, A.M. (2011): ‘Determinants of Income Diversification amongst Rural Farm Households in South West Nigeria’. In: Eonomics and Finance Review. 1 (5): 31-43.

Igbokwe, E. M. (2001). Adoption of Rice Production Techniques among Wetland Farmers in Southeastern Nigeria. Tropicultura 19(4):180-183.

Korir, L. K., Legat, K. J. and Njehia B. K. (2005): The Role of Non-Farm Investments in Agricultural Risk Management in Kenya, current research. In: Journal of Economic Theory 3 (2): 62-68.

Lay, J. and D. Schuler (2008). Income Diversification and Poverty in A Growing Agricultural Economy: The Case of Ghana. Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Zurich. 39: 1-39.

Mihiretu, T. A., (2008). Farmers Evaluation and Adoption of Improved Onion Production Package in Fogera District, South Gondar, Ethiopia. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis Presented to The School of Graduate Studies Haramaya University, Ethiopia. Accessed online Jan. 10, 2016 https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/683/Thesis_AdgoFarmers. pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Minot, N., M. Epprecht, T.T.T. Anh and Q.L. Trung (2006): Income Diversification and Poverty in the Northern Uplands of Vietnam. IFPRI Research Report (145), 1-111. Washington, D.C.

National Population Commission (2006)

Obayelu, A. E., Okuneye, P. A., Shittu, A. M., Afolami, C. A. and Dipeolu, A. O. (2016). ‘Determinants and the Perceived Effects of Adoption of Selected Improved Food Crop Technologies by Smallholder Farmers along the Value Chain in Nigeria.’ Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development. 110 (1):155 - 172

Obisesan A.A. and Omonona B.T. (2013). ‘The Impact of RTEP Technology Adoption on Food Security Status of Cassava-Farming Households in Southwest, Nigeria.’ Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 3(6): 469-475

Okeke, E. C., Enebong H. N., Uzuegbunam, A. O., Ozioko, A. O. and Kuhnlein, H, (2008). Igbo traditional Food system: Documentation, Uses and Resaerch Needs. Pak. J. Nutr. 7(2): 365-376.

Omonona B.T., Lawal J.O. and Oyebiyi I.D. (2012). "Profitability of Production and Resource Use Efficiency among Ofada Rice (Oryza sativa japonica) Farmers in Southwest, Nigeria." Comunicata Scientiae 3 (2): 104-107.

Oni, O.A., K. K. Salman and B.O. Idowu. (2011). “Social Capital Dimension and Food Security of Farming Households in Ogun State, Nigeria.” Journal of American Science. 7(8): 776- 783.

Onimawo, I. (2012). Traditional Food Systems in Assuring Food Security in Nigeria. In Burlingame B. Demini S. (eds) Sustainable Diets for Biodiversity. Directions and Solutions for Policy, Research and Action. Proceedings of the International Scientific Symposium on Biodiversity and Sustainable Diets United against Hunger. 3-5 FAO Rome.

Raphael Ndubuisi, E., Chigozirim, N., Onwusiribe, D. and Chinedu N. (2017). Effect of Livelihood Diversification on Food Security Status of Rural Farm Households in Abia State Nigeria. ‘Scientific Papers Series Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development’ 17(1): 159-166.

Ronning, L. and L. Kolvereid (2006). Income Diversification in Norwegian Farm households, Reassessing Pluriactivity. In: International Small Business Journal 24 (4): 405419.

RPR (2011) (Rural Poverty Report). New Realities, New Challenges: New Opportunities for Tomorrow’s Generation. Rome.

Schwarze, S. and Zeller, M. (2005): Income Diversification of Rural Households in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. In: Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture’ 44 (1): 61-73.

Stifel, D. (2010). “The Rural Non-Farm Economy, Livelihood Strategies and Household Welfare.” African Journal of Agricultural Research 4 (1): 82-109.

Titus, B. and Adetokunbo, G. (2007). An Analysis of Food Security Situation among Nigerian Urban Households: Evidence from Lagos State, Nigeria. Journal of Central European Agriculture. 8(3): 397–406.

UNECA (2013). Assessing Progress in Africa towards the Millenium Development Goals. Food security in Africa: Issues, challenges and lessons. The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA).

Warren P. (2002). Livelihoods diversification and enterprise development: an initial

Yaron, A., Hutzubal, A., Davis, M., Lavon, I., Amit, S., Manning, A. M., Anderson, J. S., Mann, M. and Ben, N. Y. (1998). Identification of the Receptor Component of the Ikba-Ubiquitinligase. Nature. 396.

Yusuf, S. A., Balogun, O. L. and Falegbe, O. E. (2013). Effect of Urban Household Farming on Food Security Status in Ibadan Metropolis, Oyo State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 60 (1): 61-75

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.agrise.2020.020.3.7


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Osagie John Afodu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.