WILLINGNESS TO PAY ANALYSIS OF EDELWEISS FLOWER FROM EX-SITU CONSERVATION AT WONOKITRI VILLAGE, PASURUAN REGENCY
Keywords:Edelweiss Flowers, Ex-situ Conservation, TNBTS area, Wonokitri Village, Willingness to Pay
AbstractOne of endemic flora that has become an icon in the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TNBTS) area is the Edelweiss Flower. The existence of tourism developments in the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TNBTS) area makes the demand for Edelweiss flowers as souvenirs even greater. It affects the economic value of these commodities. The population decline threatens its availability for the Tengger indigenous people who use Edelweiss Flowers as offerings that other components cannot replace. Until 2017, several Wonokitri Village communities, under the guidance of TNBTS, formed a farmer group called Hulun Hyang to conserve the Edelweiss Flower ex-situ. It was a long journey for the Hulun Hyang farmer group to get a breeding permit from the KLHK regarding wanawiyata widyakarya. This study aims to measure the willingness to pay of Edelweiss Park tourists for edelweiss flowers from the Ex-Situ conservation of the Hulun Hyang Farmer Group and determine what factors influence the willingness to pay. This study uses primary data with the number of respondents as many as 100 respondents who were conducted randomly or random sampling. The contingent valuation method (CVM) approach can estimate willingness to pay. This study's analytical tool uses multiple linear regression on SPSS 22. Based on the analysis, the average willingness to pay per person for a simple series containing 100 stalks of Edelweiss flowers is Rp. 36,307.00, with a total value of willingness to pay Rp. 3,667,000.00. The factors that are thought to significantly influence the value of willingness to pay for Edelweiss Flowers from Ex-situ Conservation of the "Hulun Hyang" Farmer Group in the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park are the latest education and monthly income.
Eagles, P. (2002). Trends in park tourism: Economics, finance and management. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10(2), 132–153.
Fadilah, S. D. (2011). Analysis of visitors' willingness to pay (wtp) on tour packages at Wana Wisata Curug Nangka (WWCN) Bogor Regency. Bogor Agricultural Institute.
Fauzi, M. (2014). Factors affecting the willingness to pay UPT Metro City household customers. University of Indonesia.
Hariyatmi, R., & Ahmad, S. (2013). Diversity of Diurnal Butterflies (Sub Order: Rhopalocera) at Mount Bromo Complex, in: KPH Surakarta Karanganyar Regency in 2013. National Seminar XI Biological Education FKIP UNS, Semarang.
Hefner, R. W. (1985). Hindu Javanese: Tengger tradition and Islam. Princeton University Press.
Hidayat, P. A., Pratiknyo, H., & Basuki, D. E. (2016). Diversity of Equatorial Insects In Javanese Edelweiss Plants (Anaphalis Javanica) on Mount Slamet Central Java. 11.
KEMEN-LHK. (2016). Regulation of the Minister of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia.
Ladiyance, S., & Yuliana, L. (2014). Variables affect the willingness to pay (willingness to pay) of the east Jakarta bidaracina community. Widya Scientific Journal, 1(1).
Lee, C. K. (2002). Estimating the use and preservation values of national parks’tourism resources using a contingent valuation method. Tourism Management, 23, 531–540.
Majid, R. H. (2008). Analysis Of Willingness To Pay Visitors To Conservation Efforts Of Situ Babakan Area, Srengseng Sawah, South Jakarta. Agricultural Economics And Resources Study Program, Faculty Of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University.
Pratiwi, T. I., Muttaqin, T., & Chanan, M. (2019). Development Of Edelweiss Tourist Village In Wonokitri Village, Tosari District, Pasuruan Regency (Resort PTN Gunung Penanjakan Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park). Journal of Forest Science Avicennia, 02(01), 16–28.
Purnomo. (2015). Traditional Environmental Conservation Practices in Java. UB Press.
Reynisdottir, M., Song, H., & Agrusa, J. (2008). Willingness to pay entrance fees to natural attractions: An Icelandic case study. Tourism Management, 29, 1076–1083.
Salam, M. A., Noguchi, T., & Alim, M. A. (2006). Factors affecting participating farmers’ willingness-to-pay for the tree farming fund: A study in a participatory forest in Bangladesh. Nvironmental Monitoring and Assessment, 118, 165–178.
Sari, H. P., & Setiartiti, L. (2015). Willingness To Pay For Improving The Quality Of Rail Service. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan, 16(2), 10.
Sugiyono. (2009). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Alfabeta.
Van Leeuwen, W. M. D. (2012). Biologi of Plant and Animals Pccuring in the higher Parts of Mount Pangrango Gede In West Java. Pusat Penelitian Biologi LIPI.
Van Steenis, C. G. G. J. (2010). Flora of the Java Mountains (The Montain Flora of Java). Translation of A. Hamza and M. Toha. Center for Biological Research. Institute of Sciences (LIPI).
Wang, X. J., Zhang, W., & Li, Y. (2006). Air quality improvement estimation and assessment using contingent valuation method, a case study in beijing. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 120, 153–168.
Whittington, D. (2002). Improving the performance of contingent valuation studies in developing countries. Environmental and Resource Economics, 22, 323–367.
Yunis, M. (2013). Analysis of the willingness to pay the community for cleanliness in Tampan Pekanbaru District. Riau State University.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Melati Julia Rahma, Soemarno, Jati Batoro
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).