ANTECEDENT OF FARMERS’ RESPONSE TO THE COCOA REHABILITATION PROGRAMME IN THE SEFWI-BOAKO COCOA DISTRICT, GHANA

Authors

  • Christian Yeboah Boateng Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
  • Maxwell Asiamah Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
  • Enoch Kwame Tham-Agyekum Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
  • Frederick Osei Tawiah Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
  • John-Eudes Andivi Bakang Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.agrise.2023.023.3.9

Keywords:

Antecedents, Cocoa Farmers, Cocoa Rehabilitation Programme, CSSVD, Effectiveness

Abstract

The paper assesses the antecedents of farmers' response to the cocoa rehabilitation program (CRP) in Sefwi-Boako District. The study adopted a quantitative method (descriptive survey design) to obtain 400 respondents through purposive and proportional sampling techniques. Face-to-face interviews with questionnaires were used to collect primary data from respondents. Descriptive (percentages, frequencies, mean, standard deviation) and inferential statistics (binary probit regression analysis) were used to analyze data. The results reveal that farmers had a neutral perception of the cocoa rehabilitation program and its effectiveness for cocoa production. Results from binary probit regression show that sex, educational level, cooperative membership, household size, and access to extension service were the significant factors determining farmers' participation in the cocoa rehabilitation program. The study contributes to the existing literature on the specific antecedents to farmer's participation in the Cocoa Rehabilitation Programme. If cocoa farmers are to respond to the program through participation, then these antecedents.

References

Achebe, E. E. and Lucky, A. T. (2013). Information Communication Technology and Agricultural Information Dissemination: A Case Study of Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State. Research Journal of Information Technology, 5(1): 11-17

Adetunji, M. O., Olaniyi, O. A., & Raufu, M. O. (2007). Assessment of benefits derived by cocoa farmers from cocoa development unit activities of Oyo State. Journal of Human ecology, 22(3), 211-214.

Agbo, F.U. (2009). Farmers’ Perception of Cooperative Societies in Enugu State, Nigeria, Agro-Science Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Food, Environment and Extension, Volume 8 Number 3, pp. 169- 174.

Alema, W (2008). Analysis of role of cooperatives in agricultural input and output marketing in the case of southern zone of Tigray Ethiopia. Unpublished MSc. Thesis, submitted to Department cooperative development Mekelle Universty.

Ameyaw, L. K., Ettl, G. J., Leissle, K. and Anim-Kwapong, G. J. (2018). Cocoa and Climate Change: Insights from Smallholder Cocoa Producers in Ghana Regarding Challenges in Implementing Climate Change Mitigation Strategies. Forests, 9, 742; doi:10.3390/f9120742

Andres, C., Gattinger, A., Dzahini-Obiatey, H.K., Blaser, W.J., Offei, S.K. and Six, J. (2017). Combatting cocoa swollen shoot virus disease: what do we know? Crop Protect 98:76–84. https:// doi. org/ 10. 1016/j. cropro. 2017. 03. 010

Animah, G. K. (2017). The Ghanaian Cocoa Market; Actors and Policies. Single Cycle Degree programme in Economics and Management. Retrieved 17th June, 2022, from https://www.academia.edu/35735357/Cocoa_Production_in_Ghana

Asante, W.A., Acheampong, E., Kyereh, E. and Kyereh, B. (2017). Farmers’ perspectives on climate change manifestations in smallholder cocoa farms and shifts in cropping systems in the forest–savannah transitional zone of Ghana. Land Use Policy 66:374–381. https:// doi. org/ 10. 1016/j. landusepol. 2017. 05. 010

Asante-Mensah, S. (2008). Adoption of recommended practices by cocoa farmers: the Ghana cocoa rehabilitation programme, West Indiana Division at the University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago

Asante-Poku, A., &Angelucci, F. (2013). Analysis of Incentives and Disincentives for Cocoa in Ghana; MAFAP, FAO: Rome, Italy. Doi: https://doi. org/10.21955/gatesopenres, 1115955.

Asare, R., Afari-Sefa, V. and Muilerman, S. (2018). Access to improved hybrid seeds in Ghana: implications for establishment and rehabilitation of cocoa farms. ExpAgr54(2):273–285. https:// doi. org/ 10. 1017/ s0014 47971 60002 47

Bannor, R. K., Oppong-Kyeremeh, H., Derkyi, M., Adombila, A. Y., & Amrago, E. C. (2020). Village savings and loans association participation and impact on off-farm income among rural women. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, 14(4), 539-562.

Danyo, G. and Osei-Bonsu, A. (2016). Illegal Small-Scale Gold Mining in Ghana: A Threat to Food Security. Coconut Research Programme, Oil Palm Research Institute. Journal of Food Security, 4(5), 112-119

Demiryurek, K., Erdem, H., Ceyhan, V., Atasar, S. and Uysal, O. (2008) Agricultural Information Systems and Communication Network: The Case of Dairy Farmers in the Samsun Province of Turkey. Information Research, 13, 1320.

Denkyirah, E.K., Okoffo, E.D., Adu, D.T., Bosompem, O.A. and Yildiz, F. (2017). What are the drivers of cocoa farmers’ choice of climate change adaptation strategies in Ghana? Cogent Food Agric 3(1). https:// doi. org/ 10. 1080/ 23311 932. 2017. 13342 96

Fischer, E., & Qaim M, 2012. Linking smallholders to markets: Determinants and impacts of farmer collective action in Kenya. World Development 40(6): 1255–68.

Ghana Statistical Service. (2013). 2010 population & housing census: National analytical report. Ghana Statistics Service.

Gomez, B., & Jones III, J. P. (Eds.). (2010). Research methods in geography: A critical introduction (Vol. 6). John Wiley & Sons.

Habib, M. F. B., & Latif, M. A. (2014) Marital Adjustment, Life Satisfaction and Mental Health of Santal Community as Related to Selected Demographic Variables. The International Journal of Indian Psychology p. 2349-3429 DOI: 10.25215/0602.054 http://www.ijip.

Hainmueller, J., Hiscox, M., & Tampe, M. (2011). Sustainable development for cocoa farmers in Ghana. Cambridge (MA): MIT and Harvard University.

Hutchins, A., Tamargo, A., Bailey, C. and Kim, Y. (2015). Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Cocoa Production and Approaches to Adaptation and Mitigation: A Contextual View of Ghana and Costa Rica. Available online: https://elliott.gwu.edu/sites/g/files/zaxdzs2141/f/World%20Cocoa%20Foundation.pdf (accessed on 27th June 2022).

Isaya, E.L., Agunga, R. & Sanga, C.A. (2018). Sources of agricultural information for women farmers in Tanzania. Information Development 34(1): 77-89.

Kabeer, N., Nambissan, G., &Subrahmanyan, R. (2003). Child labour and the right to education in South Asia: needs versus rights. SAGE Publications Pvt. Ltd.

Kongor, J. E., Hinneh, M., Van de Walle, D., Afoakwa, E.O., Boeckx, P. and Dewettinck, K., (2016). Factors influencing quality variation in cocoa (Theobroma cacao) bean flavour profile—a review. Food Res. Int. 82, 44–52.

Kwaw-Nimeson, E. and Tian, Z. (2019) Impact Assessment of the Cocoa Rehabilitation Project on Cocoa Exports in Ghana. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 7, 207-219. doi: 10.4236/jss.2019.79015.

Lartey, L. L. (2013). Mapping cocoa swollen shoot virus disease distribution in western region, Ghana. Master’s Thesis, KNUST.

Laven, A., & Boomsma, M. (2012). Incentives for Sustainable Cocoa Production in Ghana, moving from Maximizing Outputs to Optimizing Performance, Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam.

Mbagwu, G. N. I. (2018). Factors Influencing Membership of Farmers in Cooperative Societies in Abia State, Nigeria, Scientific Papers Series Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development, Vol. 18, Issue 1, 239

Mensah-Bonsu, A., Amegashie, D. P., & Gyasie, S. (2009). The structure of labour market and demand for hired labour for oil palm production in the western region of Ghana. Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana), 29(3).

Muthoni, J. J., Shimelis, H. &Melis, R., (2013). Potato production in Kenya: Farming Systems and Production Constraints. Journal of Agriculture Science, 5(5), p. 182–197.

Nkang, N. M., Ajah, E. A., Abang, S. O. &Edet, E. O., (2007). Investment in Cocoa Production in Nigeria: A cost and Return analysis of three cocoa Production Management systems in the Cross River state cocoa belt. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 8(1), pp. 81-90.

Oluyole, K. A., Famaye, A. O., Agbeniyi, S. O., Ogunlade, M. O., Oloyede, A. A., Aikpokpodion, P. E., ... & Adejobi, K. B. (2015). Evaluation of the practices of cocoa rehabilitation techniques among cocoa farmers in Nigeria. Global Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development, 3(2), 188-193.

Oyekale, A. (2021). Climate change adaptation and cocoa farm rehabilitation behaviour in Ahafo Ano North District of Ashanti region, Ghana, Open Agriculture 6(1):263-275

Perry, C. 2002. A structured approach for presenting research theses. Australasian Marketing

Ploetz, R.C. (2007). “Cacao Diseases: Important Threats to Chocolate Production Worldwide.”http://www.worldcocoafoundation.org/info-center/document-research-center/documents/Ploetz2007D.pdf [accessed 20th, June 2022] 1634-1639.

Quartey-papafio, D. E. (1961) Proceeding in: 3th International Cocoa Research Conference COPAL, Lagos, Nigeria. 1971 pp. 119-122.

Riedel, J., Kägi, N., Armengot, L. and Schneider, M. (2019). Effects of rehabilitation pruning and agroforestry on cacao tree development and yield in an older full-sun plantation. Exp Agr:1–17. https:// doi. org/ 10. 1017/ s0014 47971 80004 31

Suvedi, M., Ghimire, R., & Kaplowitz, M. (2017). Farmers’ participation in extension programs and technology adoption in rural Nepal: a logistic regression analysis. The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 23(4), 351-371.

World Bank (2010). Gender and Governance in Rural Services: Insights from India, Ghana and Ethiopia. Gender and Governance Author Team, Washington, DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and World Bank

World Bank (2011). Agricultural Investment sourcebook. Investment in Agricultural Extension and Information System. The World Bank Group.

World Cocoa Foundation. 2010. Cocoa market update report. 7p.

Yamane, T. (1967). Statistics, An Introductory Analysis, 2nd Ed., New York: Harper and Row.

Downloads

Published

2023-07-31

How to Cite

Boateng, C. Y., Asiamah, M., Tham-Agyekum, E. . K., Tawiah, F. O., & Bakang, J.-E. A. (2023). ANTECEDENT OF FARMERS’ RESPONSE TO THE COCOA REHABILITATION PROGRAMME IN THE SEFWI-BOAKO COCOA DISTRICT, GHANA. Agricultural Socio-Economics Journal, 23(3), 357–371. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.agrise.2023.023.3.9

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)